Castle Hill National Historic Site
Castle Hill National Historic Site was the second National Historic Site of Canada to be established in Newfoundland. On site are the stone remains of the French and English fortifications with the soldier’s trails still leading between them through the hills. Castle Hill also offers a stunning panoramic view of Placentia and Placentia Bay, a constant reminder of the site’s strategic significance and of the beauty of the Placentia area.
Founded in 1662, Placentia, or Plaisance as the French named it, was established to protect French fishing interests in Newfoundland and was the French capital (later English) of Newfoundland during the 17th and 18th centuries. From Plaisance, French forces successfully raided British settlements during times of war while Fort Royal, atop Castle Hill, protected the colony from attack by British warships.
Today, the ruins of these fortifications stand as a reminder of Newfoundland’s colonial heritage and the historic significance of the Atlantic fishery. Through these photos one can still get a sense of the history of the fort and of the hills it occupies.